CBSE Class 7 Science Syllabus For 2023-24 (Revised)

The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has released the revised 7th class Science syllabus for the upcoming academic session for the year 2023-24. The syllabus aims to provide students with a strong foundation in basic science concepts and skills. The CBSE 7th class science syllabus includes topics on nutrition in plants and animals, physical and chemical changes, acids, bases, and salts, weather and climate, current and light, and soil and water. 

CBSE Science Syllabus For Class 7 follows the Class 7 Science syllabus of NCERT.

Detailed Syllabus of Class 7 Science CBSE

Chapter 1: Nutrition in Plants

Like humans and animals need food to grow and exist, in the same way, plants also need food to grow and exist. The first chapter of CBSE class 7 teaches you about different ways plants procure their food.  The most common method of food source in plants is photosynthesis which is explained in this chapter. You will also learn about some other ways the plants get their food and the nutrients they need.

  • Mode of Nutrition In Plants
  • Photosynthesis – Food-Making Process in Plants
  • Other Modes of Nutrition in Plants
  • Saprotrophs
  • How Nutrients are Replenished in The Soil

Chapter 2: Nutrition in Animals

The second chapter teaches about nutrition in animals. The chapter discusses the human digestive system, the digestion process of herbivores, and amoeba digestion.

  • Different Ways of Taking Food
  • Digestion in Humans
  • Digestion in Grass-Eating Animals
  • Feeding and Digestion In Amoeba

Chapter 3: Fibre to Fabric

In this chapter of the CBSE class 7 science syllabus, you learn about the animals that provide wool and how the fibres are transformed into wool. It also explains the process of making yet another important fibre used which is silk comes. The chapter teaches the students about the life of a silk moth.

  • Wool
  • Silk

Chapter 4: Heat

The chapter teaches the students about the weather, the variation of temperature in weather, and how to scale temperature. The chapter focuses on the laboratory thermometer. Here, the students also learn about what kind of clothes we should wear based on the weather.

  • Hot and Cold
  • Measuring Temperature
  • Laboratory Thermometer
  • Transfer of Heat
  • Kinds of Clothes We Wear in Summer and Winter

Chapter 5: Acids, Bases, and Salts

This chapter introduces you to acids and bases by explaining their different types commonly used by us. You will study their composition and properties. Salt is one of the common compounds found in nature. In this chapter, you will also learn about the process of neutralization and different types of neutralizers.  

  • Acids and Bases
  • Natural Indicators Around Us
  • Neutralization
  • Neutralizations in Everyday Life

Chapter 6: Physical and Chemical Changes

In this chapter of the CBSE class 7 science syllabus, you learn about various physical and chemical changes observed in nature.  The chapter explains two main types of changes – the physical change and the chemical change and the differences between the two.

  • Physical Change
  • Chemical Change
  • Rusting of Iron
  • Crystallization

Chapter 7: Weather, Climate and Adaptations of Animals to Climate

The weather and climate play an important role in the habitat and living style of organisms. This describes different types of weather and climates. The chapter explains the effects of weather and climate on living beings and how organisms adapt to specific weather conditions.

  • Weather
  • Climate
  • Climate and Adaptation

Chapter 8: Winds, Storms and Cyclones

The chapter mainly focuses on wind pressure and the storms generated from that. In this chapter, the students learn about natural calamities like storms and cyclones that damage lives and properties. The safety measures and usage of technology are also discussed to overcome the disaster.

  • Air Exerts Pressure
  • High-Speed Winds and Air Pressure
  • Air Expands on Heating
  • Wind Currents and Uneven Heating on The Earth
  • Thunderstorms and Cyclones
  • Destruction Caused by Cyclones
  • Effective Safety Measures
  • Using Advanced Technology 

Chapter 9: Soil

This chapter of the CBSE class 7 science syllabus depicts various soil profiles and the different layers of every kind of soil. Soil symbolizes life on earth. You will learn about the different types of soil and the moisture rate in soils in the chapter.

  • Life in Soil
  • Soil Profile 
  • Soil Types 
  • Properties of Soil
  • Moisture in Soil
  • Absorption of Water by Soil
  • Soil and Crops

Chapter 10: Respiration in Organisms

The chapter talks about different organisms’ respiratory systems. In this chapter, you learn about the inhalation and exhalation processes and how we breathe. The respiratory system of marine life and trees is also mentioned.

  • Why Do We Respire?
  • Breathing
  • How Do We Breathe?
  • Breathing in Other Animals
  • Breathing Under Water
  • Breathing in Plants

Chapter 11: Transportation in Animals and Plants

The chapter teaches about the transportation of animals and plants, the circulatory system, along with the transportation system of aquatic organisms in detail.

  • Circulatory System
  • Excretion in Animals
  • Transport of Substances in Plants

Chapter 12: Reproduction in Plants

In this chapter of the CBSE class 7 science syllabus, you earn about various modes of reproduction in the chapter. The chapter focuses on both the sexual and asexual reproduction of different beings. The reproduction system of trees is also explained in the chapter.

  • Modes of Reproduction
  • Sexual Reproduction
  • Fruits and Seed Formation
  • Seed Dispersal

Chapter 13: Motion and Time

The topic of Motion and Time focuses on the respective concepts and how to measure time and motion. You will learn about the concepts through graphical and pictorial formats and understand distance-time graphs.

  • Slow or Fast
  • Speed
  • Measurement of Time
  • Measuring Speed
  • Distance-Time Graph

Chapter 14: Electric Current and Its Effects

This chapter explains the different symbols of multiple electric components. The chapter gives details on magnetic current, electric current, electromagnet, the working of an electric bell, etc.

  • Symbols of Electric Components
  • Heating Effect of Electric Current
  • Magnetic Effect of Electric Current
  • Electromagnet 
  • Electric Bell

Chapter 15: Light

In this chapter, you will learn that light travels straight. It also describes an important phenomenon observed in the light which is called reflection of light. In this chapter, you will also learn about the different types of mirrors and lenses.

  • Light Travels Along A Straight Line
  • Reflection of Light
  • Spherical Mirrors
  • Images Formed by Lenses
  • Sunlight – White Or Coloured?

Chapter 16: Water – A Precious Resource

Water and life are synonymous. Water gives birth to all living organisms. This chapter of the CBSE class 7 science syllabus explains the different aspects associated with water including the water table and water management.

  • How Much Water Is Available
  • Forms of Water
  • Groundwater as An Important Source of Water
  • Depletion of Water Table
  • Distribution of Water
  • Water Management
  • What Role You Can Play
  • Effect of Water Scarcity on Plants

Chapter 17: Forests – Our Lifeline

The forests are an important component of our biosphere. It helps to balance the ecosystem. The multiple aspects associated with forests are explained in this chapter.

  • Products from Forests
  • Composition of Forests
  • Forests as Habitat
  • Uses of Forests

Chapter 18: Wastewater Story

The chapter emphasizes water pollution, wastewater, and how to prevent the problem. A better sanitation system and sewage disposal may control the issue.

  • Water – Our Lifeline
  • What Is Sewage?
  • How Water Freshens Up 
  • Wastewater Treatment Plant
  • Better House Keeping Practices
  • Sanitation and Disease
  • Alternative Arrangement for Sewage Disposal
  • Sanitation in Public Places

Best Science Reference Books For Class 7 CBSE

If you are looking for the best Science reference books for Class 7 CBSE, then this list is for you. Here we have listed some of the best Science books that will help you score high marks in your exams. These books cover the entire science syllabus of Class 7 and are a great resource for students who want to excel in this subject. In this list, we will recommend three of the best science reference books for 7th grade students who are following the CBSE curriculum.

  • The first book on our list is “CBSE All In One NCERT Based Science Class 7 2023-24 Edition” by Poonam Singh, Mohd. Zafar, Seema Mehra by Arihant Publications. This book is a very important book for self-study and building a base and learning the concepts of the chapters, provides a lot of problems for practice. Check Price
  • Another great science reference book for 7th grade students is “Lakhmir Singh Science for Class 7” by S Chand Publications. This book is one of the best books for preparation for competitive exams also. Check Price
  • The third book on our list is Start Up Science, Book 7 by Viva. It gives detailed and easy-to-understand explanations for the concepts on topics. Check Price

For some more good reference science books for Class 7 check here.

Books Prescribed For Class 7 By CBSE


What are the main topics explained in the CBSE class 7 Science Syllabus?

The Science topics explained in the CBSE Class 7 Syllabus are food, people and ideas, materials, how things work, the world of living, moving things, natural phenomena, and natural resources.

How many chapters are covered in the CBSE class 7 Science syllabus for 2023-24?

There are eighteen chapters in the CBSE class 7 Science syllabus for 2023-24. These are Nutrition in Plants, Nutrition in Animals, Fibre to Fabric, Heat, Acids, Bases, and Salts, Physical and Chemical Changes, Weather, Climate and Adaptations of Animals to Climate, Winds, Storms, and Cyclones, Soil, Respiration in Organisms, Transportation in Animals and Plants, Reproduction in Plants, Motion and Time, Electric Current and Its Effects, Light, Water – A Precious Resource, Forests – Our Lifeline, and Wastewater Story.

How many chapters are there in science class 7?

There are 18 chapters in the NCERT Science book for Class 7.

CBSE Science Syllabus For Class 7 Pdf

The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) is a national-level board of education in India for public and private schools, controlled and managed by the Union Government of India.

In order to help students perform well in their exams, the CBSE has released the Science Syllabus for Class 7. The syllabus covers all the important topics that will be taught in Class 7.

Based on the CBSE class 7 Science syllabus, we have created this detailed and beautiful PDF which you can download and refer to anytime. This PDF not only covers the full list of chapters and topics within each chapter, but it also has a list of resources that parents, teachers, and students will find very helpful. So, go ahead and download this CBSE Science Syllabus For Class 7 PDF.


The CBSE 7th Class Science Syllabus has been designed to provide a strong foundation in the subject and prepare students for higher-level courses.

The syllabus covers a wide range of topics, from nutrition in plants and animals, and physical and chemical changes, to more advanced concepts such as acids, bases, and salts, and weather and climate.

Overall, the CBSE 7th Class Science Syllabus provides a well-rounded education in science that will give students the skills they need to succeed in higher-level courses.

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