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What is a Framework?
A framework is a platform for developing software applications. It provides a foundation on which software developers can build programs for a specific platform. For example, a framework may include predefined classes and functions that can be used to process input, manage hardware devices, and interact with system software. This helps in streamlining the development process since programmers don’t need to rewrite the code each time they develop a new application.
Here we bring you 5 important frameworks for frontend web development.
AngularJS is used as the MEAN stack’s front-end, consisting of MongoDB database, Express.js web application server framework, AngularJS itself, and Node.js server runtime environment.
Following are the features of AngularJS:
- It’s a Cross-Platform: It provides modern web platform capabilities to deliver app-like experiences that are high performance, offline and zero-step installation. Strategies from Cordova, Ionic, or NativeScript are used to build the native app. Desktop-installed apps across Mac, Windows, and Linux can be created using the same Angular methods.
- Productivity: It creates UI views with simple and powerful template syntax. Angular Command Line Tools (CLI) helps in starting building fast, adds components and tests, then deploys instantly. It has an IDE that helps in intelligent code completion.
- Full Development: It provides a full development environment. Protractor makes your scenario tests run faster and in a stable manner. Create high-performance, complex choreographic, and animation timelines with very little code through Angular’s intuitive API. It helps in creating accessible applications with ARIA-enabled components, developer guides, and built-in a11y infrastructure.
Following are the features of React:
- Declarative: It creates interactive and dynamic UI for websites and mobile applications. React updates efficiently and render the right components when data changes. Declarative views make the code readable and easy to debug.
- Virtual DOM: For every DOM object, there is a corresponding “Virtual DOM Object”. It creates a virtual copy of the original DOM and is a representation of a DOM object.
- Event Handling: React has its fully compatible W3C object model event system created. It also provides a cross-browser interface to a native event, meaning no need to worry about incompatible event names and fields. React reduces memory overhead as the event system is implemented through event delegation and has a pool of event objects.
- JSX: JSX is a markup syntax that closely resembles HTML. JSX makes writing React components easier by making the syntax almost identical to the HTML injected into the web page.
- Performance: React uses one-way data binding with an application architecture called Flux controls. ReactJS helps update the View for the user and Flux controls the application workflow. Virtual DOM adds advantages as it compares the new data with the original DOM and updates the View automatically.
- React Native: React Native is a custom renderer for React. It uses native components instead of Web components like React as building blocks. It also servers accesses to these platforms’ features, apart from transforming React code to work on iOS and Android.
- Component-Based: In React, everything is a component of the web page divided into small components to create a view (or UIs). Every part of the application visuals would be wrapped inside a self-contained module known as a component. Components in ReactJS are used to define the visuals and interactions in applications.
Vue.js features an incrementally adaptable architecture that focuses on declarative rendering and component composition. The core library is focused on the view layer only. Advanced features required for complex applications such as routing, state management, and build tooling are offered via officially maintained supporting libraries and packages.
Following are the features of Vue:
- Data Binding: This feature facilitates manipulating or assign values to HTML attributes, change the style, assign classes with v-bind available, which is a binding directive.
- CSS Transitions and Animations: This feature provides several methods to apply a transition to HTML elements when added, updated, or removed from the DOM. Its features consist of a built-in component that wraps the element responsible for returning the transition effect.
- Template: It provides HTML-based templates that bind the DOM with the Vue.js inheritance data. The templates are compiled into Virtual DOM Render functions. A developer can use the render functions template and can replace the template with the render function.
- Methods: We use methods when an event isn’t necessarily related to the instance data being mutated or changing a component’s state. Methods do not keep records of any dependencies but can take arguments.
- Simplicity in Design: Vue.js is simpler in terms of API and design. A web developer builds simple applications in a single day!
Ember is used on many popular websites, including Apple Music, Square, Discourse, LinkedIn, Nordstorm, and Chipotle. Although primarily considered a framework for the Web, it is also possible to build desktop and mobile applications in Ember.
Following are the features of Ember:
- Development Model: It offers HTML and CSS of the development model at the core.
- URL Management: Ember.js offers routes that are core features used for managing the URL.
- Easy Debugging: Ember.js provides the Ember Inspector tool for debugging Ember applications.
- Templates: Ember.js uses templates that help to automatically update the model if the content of applications gets changed.
When handling the DOM, Backbone.js adopts an imperative programming style, in contrast with a declarative programming style (common in AngularJS using data attributes). Trying to provide “the minimal set of data-structuring (models and collections) and UI (views and URLs)”, leaves the developer the choice of extensions for enhanced functionality. For example, one can use nested views with Backbone Layout Manager or model-view binding with ReSTbasis.
Following are the features of Backbone:
- Quick Assembling: Building blocks such as models, views, events, routers, and collections are provided for assembling the client-side Web applications.
- Dependency: Backbone.js has a soft dependency on jQuery and a hard dependency on Underscore.js.
- Structured and Organized Format allows you to create client-side Web applications or mobile applications in a well-structured and organized format.